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Understanding the SGPA CGPA Calculator for Chandigarh University and Other Institutions

The SGPA/CGPA calculator is a user-friendly tool designed to help students at Chandigarh University and other colleges and universities calculate their Semester Grade Point Average (SGPA) and Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA). The calculator takes into account the credits and grades for each subject to provide accurate results. Here’s how it works:

How the SGPA/CGPA Calculator Works

  1. Adding Subjects:
    • You can add subjects to the table by clicking the “Add Subject” button.
    • Each subject is assigned a unique row number automatically.
  2. Selecting Credits and Grades:
    • For each subject, you need to select the number of credits from a dropdown menu.
    • You also need to select the grade you received for each subject from a dropdown menu.
  3. Removing Subjects:
    • If you need to remove a subject, simply click the delete button (❌) next to the respective row.
  4. Calculating CGPA:
    • Once you have added all the subjects with their respective credits and grades, click the “Calculate CGPA” button.
    • The calculator will compute the CGPA by multiplying the credits of each subject by the grade points associated with the selected grade.
    • The total grade points are then divided by the total number of credits to get the CGPA.
  5. Displaying Results:
    • The calculated CGPA is displayed on the screen and also shown in an alert box for immediate feedback.

Grade Points System

The calculator uses the following grade points system, which is commonly applicable in most colleges and universities:

  • A+: 10
  • A: 9
  • B+: 8
  • B: 7
  • C+: 6
  • C: 5
  • D+: 4
  • E: 0
  • F: 0
  • I: 0
  • X: 0

Why This Calculator is Useful

  • Easy to Use: The interface is simple and intuitive, making it easy for students to add subjects and input their grades.
  • Accurate Results: By considering both the credits and the grades, the calculator ensures that the CGPA is calculated accurately.
  • Widely Applicable: This calculator is designed to be applicable to most educational institutions, following a standardized grading system.
  • Immediate Feedback: The results are displayed instantly, helping students to know their CGPA without any delay.

Understanding the Evaluation System at Chandigarh University (CU)

Chandigarh University has meticulously crafted its examination system to ensure it is scientific, objective, and transparent. This approach minimizes subjectivity and maintains high standards of global acceptability. Here’s a comprehensive overview of the evaluation system at Chandigarh University:

Internal and External Assessments at CU

The evaluation process at Chandigarh University is divided into two main components:

  1. Internal Assessment: This includes the 1st hourly test, 2nd hourly test, surprise tests, quizzes, tutorials, and assignments.
  2. External Assessment: At the end of each semester, a final examination is conducted to evaluate the student’s performance.

The assessment criteria are as follows:

CriteriaInternal MarksExternal MarksTotal Marks

Salient Features of the Evaluation System

Chandigarh University’s examination system boasts several key features:

  • Automated Paper Setting: Final exam papers are set using automated software based on a pre-established question bank.
  • Uniform Evaluation: Final exams are evaluated through a table marking system to ensure consistency.
  • Random Quality Checks: 10% of the answer books are randomly evaluated by external experts to ensure fairness.
  • Transparency: Evaluated answer books are shown to students, who must sign them if they agree with the evaluation. Discrepancies can be reviewed by an Evaluation Review Board for a small fee.
  • Grading System: Final grades are awarded based on a relative grading system. Marks are converted into grades using a normal distribution, ensuring no subjectivity.
  • Grade Display: Final grades, along with the Semester Grade Point Average (SGPA), are displayed upon result declaration.

Prevention of Unfair Means

Chandigarh University takes academic integrity seriously. Any student found using unfair means during examinations faces penalties ranging from the cancellation of the exam paper to disqualification from exams for up to two years. A special committee for the prevention of unfair means (CPUM) handles such cases.

Credit and Grade Point System

At the end of each semester, students receive letter grades for each course based on their overall performance, which includes mid-semester exams, tests, quizzes, lab work, tutorials, seminars, assignments, and the end-semester exam. The grade points are used to compute the SGPA, AGPA, and CGPA.

Grade Points and Performance Levels

Letter GradePerformanceGrade Point
B⁺Very Good8
CBelow Average5

Special Grades

  • E Grade: Awarded to students who meet attendance requirements but miss the final exam. They must appear for the exam in the next semester.
  • F Grade: Given to students with poor performance despite meeting attendance requirements. They must retake the exam.
  • I Grade: For students who do not meet attendance requirements. They must re-register for the course.

Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA)

CGPA is the weighted average of all grades awarded since a student’s entry into the university. It is calculated using the formula: CGPA = Σ (Ci * Gi) / Σ Ci, where Ci is the credits for a course and Gi is the grade points earned.

Promotion and Year Back Policy

Undergraduate Courses

  • Promotion: Students must secure a CGPA of 3.5 or more or earn 40% of first-year credits to proceed. For second-year students, a CGPA of 4.5 or 40% of credits earned is required.
  • Year Back: Students failing to meet these requirements must repeat the year.

Postgraduate Courses

  • Promotion: A minimum CGPA of 4.5 or 40% of first-year credits is required.
  • Year Back: Students failing to meet these requirements must repeat the year.

Award of Degree

Undergraduate Courses

  • A minimum CGPA of 4.5 is required for degree eligibility.

Postgraduate Courses

  • A minimum CGPA of 5.0 is required for degree eligibility.

SGPA CGPA calculator

Understanding the Difference Between CGPA and SGPA

As students progress through their academic journeys, they often encounter terms like CGPA and SGPA, which are crucial for evaluating their performance. These acronyms, though similar, represent different aspects of a student’s academic achievements. Let’s delve deeper into the distinction between CGPA and SGPA:

CGPA (Cumulative Grade Point Average):

CGPA is a cumulative measure of a student’s performance over the entire duration of their academic program. It is calculated by averaging the grade points obtained in all subjects across all semesters. This average reflects the overall academic standing of the student.

Key Points about CGPA:

  • It considers all semesters.
  • It provides a comprehensive view of the student’s academic performance.
  • It is used for determining eligibility for graduation, academic honors, and overall performance evaluation.

SGPA (Semester Grade Point Average):

In contrast, SGPA focuses on a specific semester’s performance. It is calculated by averaging the grade points obtained in all subjects within that semester. SGPA provides a snapshot of the student’s performance in a particular term.

Key Points about SGPA:

  • It assesses performance in a single semester.
  • It helps monitor progress and identify areas for improvement.
  • It is often used for eligibility criteria for scholarships, internships, or academic probation.


While both CGPA and SGPA are important indicators of a student’s academic performance, they serve different purposes. CGPA provides an overview of the entire academic journey, while SGPA offers insights into semester-wise performance. Understanding these differences can help students and educators better evaluate academic progress and set realistic goals for the future.